Supreme Court of the United States Police

Chief Paul Coleman
Address 1 First Street N.E
Washington DC 20543
Phone 202-479-3139
Website https://www.scuspd.gov



Department

The Supreme Court of the United States Police is a federal law enforcement agency, whose primary goal is to ensure the integrity of the Constitutional Mission of the Supreme Court of the United States by protecting the Supreme Court, the Justices, employees, guests, and visitors. As the third branch of government, the Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. During a single Supreme Court term, 7,000-8,000 new filings are submitted for review. Each year the Supreme Court is visited by an estimated half a million visitors from around the world.

The Supreme Court of the United States Police have allocated staffing for 189 officers, who currently represent 19 States, and 3 Countries. Currently our department is 26% female, which is well above the national average for law enforcement. Veterans encompass 12% of our workforce. The Supreme Court Police believe that diversity and inclusion are essential to the department’s success.

 

Mission Statement

The mission of the Supreme Court Police is to ensure the integrity of the Constitutional Mission of the Supreme Court of the United States, by protecting the Supreme Court, the Justices, employees, guests, and visitors.


Who We Are

The Supreme Court of the United States Police is a Federal law enforcement agency that derives its authority from United States Code 40 U.S.C. 6121. The Supreme Court Police enforce Federal and District of Columbia laws and regulations, as well as enforce regulations governing the Supreme Court Building and grounds prescribed by the Marshal and approved by the Chief Justice of the United States. The department’s mission is to ensure the integrity of the Constitutional Mission of the Supreme Court of the United States by protecting the Supreme Court, the Justices, employees, guests, and visitors.

The Supreme Court Police are responsible for providing a full range of police services, to include:
•Protection of the Supreme Court Building and grounds, and persons and property therein;
•Dignitary Protection for the Supreme Court Justices, both domestically and internationally;
•Maintain suitable order and decorum within the Supreme Court Building and grounds, to include policing demonstrations and large-scale events;
•Provide Courtroom security;
•Prepare numerous reports to include incident, found property, accident, and arrest reports, as well as testify in court.

History

In 1932, a small group of officers from the United States Capitol Police were selected to protect the construction site of the new Supreme Court Building. Prior to construction, the Supreme Court was located in the United States Capitol Building. Upon completion of the Supreme Court Building, Congress authorized a separate Supreme Court Police Force.

Established in 1935, the Supreme Court of the United States Police were tasked to provide protection for the recently completed Supreme Court Building, the Justices, employees, guests and visitors.

The original force of 33 officers, led by Captain Philip H. Crook, were selected from the ranks of the United States Capitol Police Force. In order to give the force jurisdiction beyond the Supreme Court, the officers were commissioned as Special Police Officers by the District of Columbia. The power of arrest came with the appointment. Each officer was paid a salary of $1,350 per annum out of the appropriation for the construction of the building.

Specialty Units

Specialty Units are available to officers depending on time-in-service, completion of training, and experience. The Supreme Court Police offers both part-time and full-time specialized units. These units include:
•Dignitary Protection Unit
•Protective Intelligence Unit
•K-9 Unit
•Background Investigations Unit
•Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) Team
•Recruitment Division
•Police Operations Center - Dispatch
•Physical Security Unit
•Liaison positions with partner agencies (FBI, JTTF, DHS, USCP)
•Civil Disturbance Unit
•Training Unit
•Radio Technicians
•Honor Guard
•Various instructor positions, to include: Firearms, Driving, Defensive Tactics, CPR/First Aid, Fitness Coordinator

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